With spiritual, Sufi roots, the Daf is an important instrument in Persian / Kurdish sacred and ceremonial drumming. More recently the daf can be heard at the intersection of world music and contemporary jazz.
The large, shallow shell makes for a “big” drum sound, while an extensive complement of four interlocked, light brass rings are used to create an additionally big jingle effect. The shell can be shaken to create a variety of shaker rhythms and flourishes. When played with a rhythmic, gymnastic rolling style, the rings tilt forward to touch the skin creating a variety of scraping and buzzing effects. The narrow bearing edge combined with a REMO HAZY Renaissance Timpani style synthetic head makes this drum surprisingly sensitive and precise for its size. The shell is steam bent hardwood 21″ outside diameter x 2 5/8″ deep, tuning range – low A to high E (a range of a perfect fifth).
To learn more about daf drumming: Francesco Turrisi describes the drum at time stamp 16:07